Monday, August 20, 2018

Haryanka Dynasty

Haryanka Dynasty : Originally founded in 566 BC by the grandfather of Bimbisara, but actual
foundation by Bimbisara.

Rulers of Haryanka Dynasty
Bimbisara - Details
Ajathashathru - Details
Udayin - Details


Udayin was the ruler of Haryanka dynasty that ruled Magadha area.
Udayin ruled from 460 B.C. to 444 B.C.
Udayin was the founder of new capital Pataliputra, situated at the confluence of the Ganga and Soan.
Udayin was the son of Ajathashathru and grandson of Bimbisara.


Ajathashathru was the ruler of Haryanka dynasty.
Ajathashthru was the son of Bimbisara.
Ajathashathru ruled from 492 BC to 460 BC.
To capture throne he killed his own father. First incident of patricide in India.
Ajathashathru was the contemporary of Buddha. Buddha died during his reign.
Ajathashathru convened the 1st Buddhist council in Rajagriha.
Ajathashathru was succeeded by his son Udayin.

4 Buddhist councils - Details


King of Haryanka dynasty that existed in Magadha area.
Bimbisara ruled Magadha from 544 BC to 492 BC.
Bimbisara is considered as the actual founder of Haryanka dynasty.
Bimbisara was the contemporary of Lord Buddha.
Bimbisara's son was Ajathashathru.
Bimbisara's early capital was Rajgir / Rajagriha / Girivraja. This capital was surrounded by 5 hills and the fort wall surrounded by stone walls on all the side.
He was killed by his son Ajathashathru. This is the first incident of patricide in the history of India.

Gouthama Buddha

Gouthama Buddha
Born in 563 BC on the Vaishakha Poornima Day at
Lumbini (near Kapilavastu) in Nepal.
* His father Suddhodana was the Saka ruler.
* His mother (Mahamaya, of Kosala dynasty) died after 7 days of his birth. Brought up by stepmother
* Married at 16 to Yoshodhara. Enjoyed the married life for 13 years and had a son named Rahula.
* Left his palace at 29 (with Channa, the charioteer and his favourite horse, Kanthaka) in search oftruth (also called ‘Mahabhinishkramana’ or The Great Renunciation) and wandered for 6 years.
* Attained ‘Nirvana’ or ‘Enlightenment’ at 35 at Gaya in Magadha (Bihar) under the Pipal tree.
* Delivered the first sermon at Sarnath where his five disciples had settled. His first sermon is called ‘Dharmachakrapravartan’ or ‘Turning of the  Wheel of Law’.
* Attained Mahaparinirvana at Kushinagar (identical with village Kasia in Deoria district of
UP) in 483 BC at the age of 80 in the Malla republic.
Buddhist Councils :
* The monks gathered 4 times after the death of Buddha and the effect of these events had their
effect on Buddhism.
* First Council : At Rajgriha, in 483 BC under the chairman ship of Mehakassaapa (King was Buddist Literature :
* Buddhist scriptures in Pali are commonly referred to as Tripitakas, ie ‘Threefold Basket’.
* Vinaya Pitaka : Rules of discipline in Buddhist
* Sutta Pitaka : Largest, contains collection of
Buddha’s sermons.
* Abhidhamma Pitaka : Explanation of the
philosophical principles of the Buddhist religion.

Modern names of Rg Vedic rivers

Modern Names Rigvedic Names of some rivers.
Modern Name - Rg Vedic Name

 Indus    -             Sindhu
 Jhelum                -            Vitasta
 Chenab               - Asikni
 Ravi                       - Purushni
 Beas -                   Vipasa
 Sutlei    -             Sutudri
 Gomati                Gumal
 Kurram                Krumu
 Ghaggar -           Drisshadva

Sunday, August 19, 2018

Aihole inscription

Aihole inscription – It is the most important source to know about the greatness of Pulakesi II of Badami Chalukyan dynasty. Aihole inscription was composed by Ravikeerthi, Pulakesi II’s minister of war. It was composed in Sanskrit.

Cheepurupalli inscription 641 A.D.

Cheepurupalli inscription 641 A.D. – According to this inscription Vishnuvardhana has assumed the title of Maharaja and carried on the rule.

Kopparam inscription 831 A.D.

Kopparam inscription 631 A.D. – According to this inscription Badami Chalukyan king Pulakesi has referred to Vishnuvardhana as the heir apparent (Yuvaraja – Crown prince).Cheepurupalli inscription stated that he became ruler by 641 A.D.
This inscription is also giving information about Pulakesh II. According to this inscription Pulakesi II had conquered coastal Andhra.

Sanjan Copper plate inscription

Sanjan Copper plate inscription was issued in the year 872 A.D.
According to this inscription, unlike the other feudatories, Gunaga Vijayadithya III cleaned the walking path of Amoghavarsha.

Neelagudi Inscription

Neelagudi Inscription was issued by Gunaga Vijayadhithya / Vijayadhithya III in the year 866 A.D.. According to this inscription, Gunaga Vijayadhithya / Vijayadhithya III was the feudatory of Amoghavarsha 1 of Rashtrakuta dynasty.
Sanjan copper plate inscription is giving extra information about their relation.