Sunday, December 24, 2017

Jamalunnisa Baji

Date of Birth: 1915
            Jamalunnisa Baji, who not only fought for independence from the shackles of the British rule but also worked passionately for creating harmony among the people, was born in 1915 in Hyderabad.  She grew up to mould herself into a girl of independent ideas as her liberal parents had given her complete freedom.  She started reading the banned newspaper, ‘Nigaar’ at the age of 13.  She resented the British Government, the conservative religious traditions and the Nizam establishment which had turned into affiliate of the British.  She did not give up her independent ideas and practices inspite of the parochial thinking of her in-laws.  She came under the influence of Moulana Hasrath Mohani who was familiar as “Thunder bolt” in the Indian freedom movement.  Inspired by Hasrath Mohani she participated actively in the national and anti-imperialist movements.  As a communist, Baji obeyed the decision of the Communist party not to participate in the Quit India Movement.  But she gave shelter to freedom fighters during the movement.  Though she had no primary education, she learnt Urdu and English languages with hard work.  She started a progressive literary organisation called “Bazme Ehabad”.  Besides discussions on literary topics she also conducted discussions extensively on national movement, Socialism, Communism and on other irrational traditions.  Her sister Razia and her brothers also used to participate in those discussions.  She used to designs programmes in accordance with the discussions and conducts them fearlessly.  Razia Begum and her brothers Anwar and Jafar lend active support to Jamalunnisa Baji in this regard.  Baji took membership of the Communist Party of Indian in 1946.  Due to the restrictions imposed on the Communist Party of India and repression by Nizam government on communists, she organised her activities very secretly.  During this period, Jamalunnisa gave shelter to many of the national leaders who are fighting for the freedom of India and Communist Party of India in Hyderabad.  Jamalunnisa acted as a guiding light to several national and international women’s organisations.  Jamalunnisa Baji spent the later part of her life working indefatigably for the welfare of women and for the establishment of socialist society.

Abdul Habeeb Yusuf Marfani

            Abdul Habeeb Yusuf Marfani, who gave away everything of his to Indian National Army, was hailed from Dhorji of Sourashtra region in Gujarat state.  He migrated to Rangoon the capital of Burma and became one of the rich business magnates of Rangoon.  In 1943 Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose reached Rangoon from Germany and took over the reins of Indian National Army.  Then he formed Azad Hind Government and Azad Hind Bank.  Later on in a huge meeting Netaji made an appeal to the public for ‘total mobilisation’.  Abdul Habeeb responded to the call of Netaji in a full measure by sacrificing all that he had and made thus acquiring for himself a prominent place in the chapter of ‘total mobilisation’ in the history of Indian National Army.  In one programme organised by Bose in Rangoon on 9th July, 1944, Abdul Habeed magnanimously handed over a plateful of gold jewellery and cash along with a bundle of title deeds of his total property, all about the worth one crore and 3 lakh rupees to Netaji.  Then Habeeb Marfani requested Netaji to provide him with two pairs of Indian National Army uniform and allow him to serve as full-time volunteer in Indian National Army.  Thus Habeeb created new history as the first person to provide financial support to Azad Hind Government, Indian National Army and Azad Hind Bank which had started its banking activities.  Delighted and moulded with the ‘total sacrifice’ of Abdul Habeeb, Netaji said, ‘Brother, I am very happy today that people have stated realising their duties,… people are ready to sacrifice everything.  What Habeeb Seth has done is commendable, and those emulate him to serve the motherland are praise worthy’.  And even Netaji asked to take the ‘Drink of Habeeb’, so that everyone comes to sacrifice his might for the sake of Motherland.  So saying he exhorted the countrymen too follows the example of Habeeb in serving the motherland.  Shubas Chandra Bose announced ‘Sevak-e-Hind’ award for his ‘total mobilisation’ to Abdul Habeeb Yusuf Marfani.  He became the first person to receive such a award from Subhash Chandra Bose.  In a function organised on the occasion of centenary celebrations of Netaji’s birth in New Delhi in 2013, Abdul Habeeb’s grandson Abdul Habeeb Yakoob was felicitated in recognition of the unparalleled sacrifice of Abdul Habeed Yusuf Marfani.

Fareed Mirza

Date of Birth: 7th July, 1918
            Fareed Mirza, who gave much importance to the concept of freedom and independence, was born on 7th July, 1918 in Hyderabad.  He joined as an Officer in the Nizam State after his graduation from Osmania University.  Fareed Mirza was interested in the Indian National Movement from the beginning and he supported the demand for the merger of Nizam State into Indian Union in 1947, when India attained Independence.  He resigned from his job on 14th July, 1948 to participate in the movement for the merger of Hyderabad state into Indian Union.  He appealed to Muslims of Nizam State to speak out against the repression of those supporting the merger with nationalist outlook.  Fareed Mirza had a draft statement prepared with the help of his friend Baqar Ali Mirza and garnered support for it from prominent Muslims of the Hyderabad city.  This historical statement advised the Nawab of Nizam to merge his Hyderabad State into Indian Union as per opinion expressed by the public.  Fareed Mirza got this statement published in local Urdu news papers on 13th August, 1948 with the title ‘An Open Letter to the VII-Nizam from seven Prominent Muslims’.  This statement stirred sensation in the Nizam state and also irked its rulers.  The Nizam Government strictly ordered Fareed Mirza to withdraw the statement immediately.  But, Mirza and his friends refused to do so.  Several other news papers, which supported the ideology of ‘Ittehad-ul-Muslimin’ criticised Fareed Mirza and his friends branding them as traitors.  But, Mirza and his friends did not step back from their stand.  They also rejected the proposal brought out by a diplomat from Nizam.  As a result, they had to face the danger of attacks.  But, Mirza was not frightened.  Later on, he served as a member of the Rehabilitation Committee formed for the welfare of the people, who had suffered losses during the so called ‘Police Action’ in Hyderabad state.  He joined as a deputy collector in Hyderabad on 1st August, 1949, but resigned from the job in April, 1961.  Fareed Mirza started his own Printing Press and worked as an agent of the Life Insurance Corporation of India.

Colonel Shaik Nizamuddin

Date of Birth: (1900/1906)
‘Had Netaji been alive today, India would not have been divided… I am not able to find what I have lost and what I have achieved’ laments Colonel Shaik Nizamuddin, who was born in 1900/1906 in Dhakwa village near Mubarkpur area of Azamghad district, Uttar Pradesh.  His original name was Saifudin Shaik, but he registered himself in Indian National Army as Nizamuddin Shaik.  He had been to Singapore in 1926 as his father Imam Ali was running a canteen in Singapore.  When Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose revived Indian National Army in 1943 and gave ‘Chalo Delhi’ call, Nizamuddin joined Indian National Army (INA).  Having noticed his commitment and efficiency, Netaji appointed him as his driver and later his body guard and personal assistant.  When Indian National Army (INA) had retreated after the defeat of Japan in the Second World War on 16th August, 1945, Nizamuddin accompanied Netaji upto Singapore.  Nizamuddin does not believe that Netaji died in plane crash on 19th August, 1945.  He questions the plane crash theory saying that ‘he had left Netaji on the banks of Sitangpur River near Burma – Thailand frontier four months after the said Plane crash’.  Nizamuddin spent his life in Bruma till 1950 and he married Habibunnisa, a girl from of an Indian Family.  He returned to India in 1969 to lead normal life in his native village Dhakwa.  In 2001, he revealed his role in the Indian National Army and requested the Government to recognise him as a freedom fighter.  Government of India responded favourably twelve years after his request.  In 2013, he was honoured as freedom fighter by Azamghar district magistrate Sri Pragjal Yadav in a grand felicitation function organised the Government in Dhakwa.  In that function, Poorvanchal University Vice Chancellor Sunder Lal conferred honorary degree on Colonel Nizamuddin.  Azamghar district magistrate declared his as a ‘freedom fighter and said that related all facilities would be provided to Nizamuddin after due official procedure.  It is only after this programme that Colonel Shaik Nizamuddin’s role in Indian National Army came to light.

Colonel Inayat Khan Kiani


            Colonel Inayat Khan Kiani, who played a vital role in the Azad Hind Fouj, under the leadership of Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose, was born in Rawalpindi in Pakistan.  His father was Raja Gulab Khan.  Inayat hailed from the ‘Gakhars’ dynasty, which ruled the Potor area in Pakistan for about seven hundred years.  He was an officer in the British Indian Army.  The British forces were defeated by the Japan-Germany troops while he was rendering his duties as an official of the British Army.  Kiani was caught along with the other Indian officials of the British Army as a war prisoner.  During his detention, he joined the Indian National Army led by Captain Mohan Singh under the guidance of the revolutionary leader Ras Bihari Bose.  When Captain Mohan Singh dissolved the Indian National Army, because of differences cropped up with Japan, he worked as a member of the Advisory Council of the Indian National Army as on the advice of Ras Bihari Bose.  Later, he was appointed as the Commander of the Gandhi regiment in the Indian National Army, when its leadership was taken over by Subhash Chandra Bose.  Responding to the call of Subhash Chandra Bose, ‘Chalo Delhi’, Inayat Khan reached Burma battle field from Malaya, where he led his troops towards victory.  Gandhi regiment, under the leadership of Inayat, was able to capture the Palell Airport on 2nd May, 1944.  It also had its share in three other victories.  The Indian National Army could capture an area of 200 Sq. Miles of Indian Territory during that war.  Inayat was appreciated by Subhash Chandra Bose for his abilities in formulating the strategies and conducting ambushes and thus, he was given a place in the ‘War Council’ of the Indian National Army.  But, the troops led by Inayat were detained by the British Indian Army, when the Japan Army surrendered in the world war-II.  Later, he was presented at Delhi as the witness of the respondents for the trial held in the Red Fort.  Later, Inayat worked as the member of the Rehabilitation and Renovation Committee for the welfare of his colleagues of the Indian National Army and of their family members.  When India got independence, Colonel Inayat Khan Kiani, reached his native village in Pakistan, where he held different high profile posts in the newly formed Government of Pakistan.

Captain Abbas Ali

Date of Birth: 3rd January, 1920
            Captain Abbas Ali born on 3rd January, 1920 in a Zamindar family in Khurja village in Buland Shahar district of Uttar Pradesh.  He is form a Muslim Rajput family which never accepted the supremacy of the British.  Abbas fought for the liberation of his motherland as a captain in the Indian National Army and was active in political activities for his object of socialistic pattern of society.  While he was a high school student, Abbas became a member of ‘Nowjawan Bharath Samithi’ founded by Sardar Bhagat Singh and others.  He went to Aligarh University for further studies, where he came under the influence of another freedom fighter and a communist Dr. Kunwar Ahamed Ashraaf.  Abbas took membership in All India Student Federation.  Later he joined British Indian Army on the advice of Dr. Ashraaf to bring about a rebellion in the British Indian Army.  During the Second World War he was sent to Singapore in 1941.  When British forces surrendered to the Japanese Army, Abbas Ali was taken as a prisoner of war.  He was later inspired by the speech made by Subhash Chandra Bose in 1943, near the grave of Bahadur Shah Zafar, the last Mogul Emperor.  He de-iced to dedicate his life for the emancipation of his motherland.  Abbas joined Indian National Army wherein he was promoted as a captain.  He was sent to Arkan war field in pursuance of the ‘Chalo Delhi’ call given by Subhash Chandra Bose.  The Indian National Army was forced to retreat with the defeat of Japan in the Second World War.  The British Army arrested Abbas and sentenced him to death after conducting so called court martial.  But the death sentence was revoked when India became independent.  Abbas played an active role in Uttar Pradesh politics in Independent India.  He worked with stalwarts like Achaya Narendra Dev, Jayaprakash Narayan and Ram Manohar Lohia.  Abbas was arrested more than 50 times during his political career from 1948 to 1974.  He spent 19 months in Jail during emergency.  He was elected to Uttar Pradesh legislative Council in 1978.  Abiding his word that he would strive for the socialistic society till his last breath, Captain Abbas Ali is still continuing his activities in New Delhi.

Colonel Shoukat Ali Malik

            Colonel Shoukat Ali Malik, who was honoured by Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose with ‘Sardar-e-Jung’ for his gallantry shown in the war waged by the Azad Hind Fouj against the British to liberate the Nation, was born in Multan, now in the Punjab Province of Pakistan.  He was sent to Singapore while he was working as the Naik Subedar in the British Indian Army of Bhawalpur Infantry.  He was leading the troops, when British Army surrendered to the Japan during the World War-II.  He was a great supporter of the Indian National Movement.  He held responsibilities in the Indian National Army from the very beginning.  He attended the International Conference of the leaders of the Independence League, which was held in Bangkok in June, 1942.  He joined in Indian National Army formed on 1st September, 1942 by Captain Mohan Singh.  He supported him when it was dissolved by Captain Mohan Singh.  Later, he was appointed as the Commander of the Intelligence group after the reorganisation of the Indian National Army on 15th February, 1943.  He became famous as the ‘Master Mind of the Intelligence Service’ because of his able leadership.  When Subhash Chandra Bose gave a call for ‘Chalo Delhi’ and declared war against the British, Malik directly reached the battle field in Burma from Singapore.  Malik’s troop won the first victory over the British forces with the help of Japanese Army.  Malik, who led his troops successfully to make entry into the enemy forces, hoisted the National Flag in Moirang of Manipur on 18th April, 1944.  Thus, Malik created history as the first Indian officer to hoist the National Flag on the native land.  He also looked after the administrative affairs successfully in the liberated areas.  He went to Rangoon in 1944 because of his illness.  Later on he reached the battle field at Mandale again in February, 1945 to lead his troops against the British Army.  He escaped narrowly from the British forces which had encircled him and his force.  He went along with Subhash Chandra Bose to lead the female troops of the Jhansi regiment of Indian National Army to a safer location after defeat of Japan in the world war.  Colonel Malik had a strong desire for freedom and a special affection towards Netaji.  He faced the trial by the British Government in the Red Fort.  Later, Colonel Shoukat Ali Malik served as a special invitee in the Advisory Committee, formed for the welfare of the members of the Azad Hind Fouj.