Sunday, September 25, 2016

SUBHADRA KUMARI CHAUHAN


Date of Birth: 15th February, 1904 and Death of Year: 1948
Subhadra Kumari Chauhan (15th February, 1904 – 1948) was an Indian poetess famous for her emotionally charged Hindi songs, born in Nihalur village in Allahabad district in Uttar Pradesh.  She initially studied in the Crosthwaite Girls’ School I Allahabad and passed the middle-school examination in 1919.  After her marriage to Thakur Lakshman Singh Chauhan of Khandwa in the same year, she moved to Jabalpur.

She had five children.  Sudha Chauhan (now deceased), Ajay Chauhan (now deceased), Vijay Chauhan (now deceased), Ashok Chauhan (now deceased) and Mamta Chauhan (Bhargava), currently residing in Buffalo, New York.  The Spouses of Ajay and Ashok Chauhan currently live in Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh.

Subhadra Kumari Chauhan joined the Non-Cooperation Movement in 1921 and was the first woman Satyagrahi to court arrest in Nagpur.  She was jailed twice for her involvement in protests against the British rule I 1923 and 1942.

She was authored a number of popular works in Hindi poetry.  Her most famous composition is Jhansi Ki Rani, an emotionally charged poem describing the life of Rani Lakshmi Bai.  The poem is one of the most recited and sung poems in Hindi literature.  This and her other poems, Veeron Ka Kaisa Ho Basan, Rakhi Ki Chunauti and Vida, openly talk about the freedom movement.  They are said to have inspired great numbers of Indian youth to participate in the Indian Freedom Movement.  Here is the opening stanza of Jhansi ki Rani:
Subhadra Kumari Chauhan wrote in the Khariboli dialect of Hindi, in a simple, clear style.  Apart from heroic poems, she also wrote poems for children.  She wrote some short stories based on the life of the middle class too.

She died in 1948 in a car accident near kalbodi (in Seoni, MP).  An Indian Coast Guard ship has been named after her.  A Statue of Subhadra Kumari Chauhan has been installed by the M.P. Government in front of the municipal Corporation Office of Jabalpur.
Collections of Poems: [1] Tridhara, [2] Mukul (1930), [3] Yeh Kadamb Ka Ped.
These anthologies consist some of the well known poems like Jhansi ki Raani, Veeron Ka Kaisa Ho Basant and Yeh Kadamb Ka Ped.
Collections of Short Stories:  [1] Bhikhre Moti (1932), [2] Unmadini (1934), [3] Seedhe-Saade Chitra (1946), [4] Seedhe-saade Chitra (1946).

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