Wednesday, July 25, 2018

Iqta Muqti

Iqta was a piece of land usually given to government officer in lieu of his salary.
It is also considered as the division of a kingdom. During Delhi Sultanate period kingdom was divided into Iqtas.
Head of Iqta was Muqti.
Muqti has to supply military troops to Sultan when ever he asks.
Muqti should maintain the army from the revenue he gets from the Iqta given to him.

Turkan-e-Chihalgani

Turkan-e-Chihalgani was a group of 40 nobles during Delhi Sultanate period. This group was started by Iltutmish. In later days this group became a head ache to the Sultan. United they were more powerful than the Sultan. Finally, Balban ended Turkan-e-Chihalgani.Balban also once member of the infamous Turkan-e-Chihalgani.

Rajasuya yaga

Rajasuya yaga is a consecration ceremony.
In Vedic / Hindu religion Rajasuya Yaga / sacrament is a must. It is believed that after performing this yaga he gets divine acceptance as a king.
This Rajasuya yaga is equal to Mansur in Islam.

Mansur Letter of investiture

Mansur Letter of investiture
Mansur is caliphs acceptance letter or letter of investiture.
First Indian sultan to get Mansur was Iltutmish.
Caliph is considered as the political and spiritual head of entire Islamic world. 
Mansur resembles the Rajasuya yaga / Rajasuya sacrament of Vedic / Hindu religion in India.

Caliph

Caliph - Khalifa - Calipha
Caliph is the head of entire Islamic world as well of spiritual head of Islam.
On the earth where ever the muslims established their kingdom, for them the caliphs acceptance letter, Mansur, is a must.
The Mansur is equal to Rajasuya yaga of Vedic / Hindu religion in India.

Quvvat ul Islam mosque

Quvvat ul Islam mosque / masjid was constructed by Qutb ud din Aibak.
Iltutmish doubled Quvvat ul Islam mosque.

Aram Baksh


Aram Baksh 1210 A.D. -1211 A.D.
Amam Baksh succeeded Qutb ud din Aibak as Delhi Sultan.
Aram Baksh ruled before Iltutmish.
Aram Baksh ruled for 8 months as Delhi Sultan.

Sar e jandhra


Sar-e-jandhar means head of Sultans body guards. 
This department is said to have created by Iltutmish
Iltutmish was Qutb ud din Aibak's  body guard in his early days.

Tuesday, July 24, 2018

Qutb Minar - Miar e Shamsi

Qutb Minar
The construction of Qutb Minar was started by Qutb ud din Aibak, the first sultan among Delhi Sultan's Mamluk dynasty.
Qutb minar was constructed in the memory of sufi guru Qutb ud din Bhaktiyar kaki.
It is also known as Manar-e-Shamsi.

The constrction of Qutb Minar was conpleted by Iltutmish.
It was struck by lightening and repaired by Balban.

Iltutmish


 Iltutmish 1211 A.D.-1236 A.D.
 Iltutmish 1211 A.D.-1236 A.D.
As the successor of Aibak, Aram Baksh was an inefficient ruler, Delhi sardars invited the Badayun governor, and Aibak’s son-in-law, Iltutmish to take the authority.

Iltutmish  started Turkan-e-Chihalgani (The corps of forty).
Iltutmish  used Arabic language on his coins.
Iltutmish doubled the Quvvat ul Islam mosque.
Revenue and Finance departments were started by Iltutmish.
During the reign of Iltutmish, Alimardhan Khan tried to proclaim independence in Bengal and Bihar.
Iltutmish  was Aibaks sar-e-jandhar in his early days.
Iltutmish  was the first Delhi sultan to make kingship hereditary.
Iltutmish  introduced silver Tanka and copper Jittal which were of the weight of 175 grains. Iltutmish has taken titles which mean ‘Saviour of the lands of God’ and ‘Helper to Allah’s servants’.
In the year 1221 A.D. Chengiz Khan appeared on the boarders of North West frontier.
Iltutmish  defeated Aram Baksh at Delhi.
Iltutmish  is an Ilbari Turk. Ilbary tribe.
Iltutmish started his life as the slave of Qutb ud din Aibak. With his ability he rose to the position of Sar-e-jandhar of Aibak. Aibak appointed Iltutmish as the governor of Badayun and gave his daughter in marriage to him.
In 1214 A.D. Iltutmish defeated and killed Tajuddin Yulduz who invaded on India.
In 1217 A.D. Iltutmish retaliated the invasion of the ruler of Multan, Nasiruddin Qabacha, on Punjab.
In 1225 A.D. Iltutmish suppressed the revolt of Bengal governor Iwaz Khan.
In 1227 A.D. Iltutmish defeated Naseer ud din Qabacha. While fleeing Naseer ud din Qabacha accidentally fell in the river sindh and died.
Iltutmish  defeated Mangaldev and occupied Gwalior.
Iltutmish  defeated the rulers of Malwa, Bhilsa, Ranathambor, Mand and Ujjain.
Iltutmish destructed Ujjain Mahankali temple.
In 1229 A.D. Iltutmish was recognized by the caliph as the Sultan of Delhi. Caliph sent him robes of honour. Iltutmish inscribed the name of caliph on his coins. This recognition is known as Mansur. During this time Abbasid dynasty was in the position of caliph.
 During the reign of Iltutmish as Delhi Sultan, Bengal ruler Ghiazuddin khilji was also givern Mansur.
Chingiz Khan, the ruler of Mangol, established vast empire. Chengiz khan came upto Sindh chasing Jalal ud din Mangbarni, ruler of Khwarizm / Khorasam. Iltutmish did not interfere in their affair. Thus he saved India from Chengiz khan.
Iltutmish expanded his kingdom up to the river Narmada.
Iltutmish  passed away in
As Iltutmish defeated the ruler of Ghazni, Taj ud din yulduz and freed India from his authority and got Mansur from caliph, he is considered as the real founder of Delhi Sultanate.

Iltutmish installed ‘Bell of Justice’. (Mughal emperor Jahangir also installed Bell of justice.)
Iltutmish  divided the kingdom into Iqtas. These Iqtas were kept under the authority of military commanders.
Muqti is head of Iqta.
Duties of Muqti – Tax collection, dispensing Justice, gathering army and maintaining it.
Iltutmish completed the construction of Qutb Minar which was started by Aibak.