Sunday, December 24, 2017

Mohammad Ghulam Mohiuddin

Date of Birth: 1882 and Date of Death: 13th March, 1973
            Mohammad Ghulam Mohiuddin was the first leader from Andhra Pradesh to quit his Government post in order to join the Khilafat and Non Cooperation Movement, responding to the call given by Mahatma Gandhi.  He was born in 1882 in Vijayawada, Krishna district of Andhra Pradesh.  He is from a very wealthy Jagirdari family.  He resigned from the post of honorary magistrate and joined the movement, which was started in 1919.  Mahatma mentioned about the sacrifice of Ghulam Mohiuddin in his magazine ‘Young India’.  He led the Khilafat Non Cooperation Movement Committee of Vijayawada city as its president.  He participated in the Indian National Movement actively along with his close friend and famous freedom fighter Ayyadevara Kaleswara Rao.  He went to Calcutta with Ayyadevara Kaleswara Rao, where they met Mahatma Gandhi and obtained permission to organize the general session of Indian National Congress in Vijayawada in the year 1921.  Prominent leaders of Indian National Congress like Mahatma Gandhi, Abbas Tyebji, Hakim Ajmal Khan, Moulana Abul Kalam Azad, Mohammad Ali, Shoukat Ali and Khan Abdul Gafar Khan and others attended the sessions at Vijayawada.  Ghulam Mohiuddin spent huge amount of his hard earned money for organizing the session of Indian National Congress at Vijayawada.  Though he maintained cordial relations with the All India Muslim League, he did not support the divisive ideology of the League.  He opposed the idea of dividing the Nation on religious grounds.  He worked for harmony among the Hindus and Muslims.  When communal riots erupted in Vijayawada city soon after the division of the Nation, he took initiative to pacify the situation and bring it into control.  He appealed to the people of all communities to maintain peace, by moving in the streets of Vijayawada, riding on a horse.  He worked as the Councillor and the Vice Chairman of Vijayawada Municipality for a long period.  Mohammad Ghulam Mohiuddin, who was committed to the Khadi Movement, wore Khadi robes till his demise on 13th March, 1973.

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