Sunday, December 24, 2017

Syed Fakrul Hajiya Hassan

Date of Death: 1970
            Syed Fakrul Hajiya Hassan, who not only participated in the Indian freedom movement, was born in the family which migrated to India from Iraq, besides her encouraged his children to participate in freedom movement.  She groomed her children, as freedom fighters who became famous as ‘Hyderabad Hassan Brothers’.  Hajiya married Amir Hassan who had come from Uttar Pradesh to Hyderabad settled in the city.  Thus she became Hyderabadi.  Her husband Amir Hassan was a high ranking officer in Hyderabad Government.  As a part of his job, he had to travel to various places.  She accompanied her husband and showed a great interest in languages of those places and thus she learned English, Marathi, Kannada, Gujarathi, Telugu along with Urdu.  During these tours, she observed the misery of women in India.  She worked a lot for the development of the girl child.  Even though she resided in Hyderabad which was under the control of the British, she participated actively in the National Freedom Movement, as a woman who had strong patriotic feelings.  Responding to the call of Mahatma, she burnt foreign clothes in her Abid Manzil which was located in Troop bazaar in Hyderabad.  She participated in Khilafat and Non Cooperation Movement.  She treated every member of Indian National Army as her child.  Fhakrul Hajiya worked hard for the release of Azad Hind Fouz heroes along with Smt. Sarojini Naidu.  The famous leaders of Indian National Congress like Mahatma Gandhi, Nehru, Subash Chandra Bose, Moulana Abul Kalam Azad showed much respect towards Hajiya Hassan.  They used to call her ‘Amma Jan’.  Her aspirations for freedom enlightened her three children.  Her elder son Badrul Hassan followed Mahatma Gandhi in the freedom movement.  Her younger son Abid followed Netaji Subash Chandra Bose.  Abid Hassan became familiar as the creator of the slogans ‘Jai Hind’ and ‘Netaji’, which are very memorable cliques in the literature history of Indian freedom movement.  Her second son Jafar Hassan became an educationist in Hyderabad Government and he followed Gandhiji like his mother.  Syed Fakrul Hajiya Hassan who fought for the freedom of her motherland and who led her family also in that noble direction died in 1970.

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